INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGICAL OBSOLESCENCE IN QUANTITATIVE FORECASTING OF MEMORY DEVICE FAILURE COST

Gershom Kwaku Obeng, Han Bao

Abstract


The current approach to estimate the depreciation in the utility of a piece of equipment is to use a single mortality
survivor curve over its entire life cycle. This approach has been demonstrated to be inadequate as it has understated
the true impact of technological obsolescence. Nowadays there are so many devices whose utility is very sensitive
to technological innovation. For these products, relying on the traditional historical mortality approach simply leads
to a gross error in the estimation of life cycle values such as depreciation in their utility or their life cycle cost. This
paper contains three distinctive parts. In the first part, the paper presents analogical derivations of various growth
curves and the rationale which leads to the establishment of a statistical methodology for determining the retirement
rate due to wear and tear, failure by accidents, and/or simply by age related deterioration. Another significant
development presented in this first part is the derivation of the obsolescence chart for a given product. The paper
goes on to describe a method to combine the impact of both traditional mortality influence and technological
influence on the life cycle of the property. The second part of the paper is used to demonstrate the results of
the proposed combined quantitative forecasting methodology via a case study which involves the substitution
of mechanical memory devices by solid state (flash) memory devices. This paper discusses the importance of
combining the effects of mortality and technological obsolescence when conducting an economic forecast.

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