Computer-Aided Retinal Surgery using Data from the Video Compressed Stream
This paper introduces ongoing research on computer-aided ophthalmic surgery. We propose a Content-Based Video Retrieval (CBVR) system for surgeons decision aid: given the video stream captured by a digital camera monitoring a surgery, the system
retrieves similar annotated video streams in video archives. For comparing videos, we propose to characterize them by features extracted from compression data. First, motion vectors are extracted from the MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 compressed video stream.
Second, images are segmented into regions with homogeneous motion vectors, using region growing. Third, region displacements between consecutive frames are tracked, using the well-known Kalman filter, in order to extract features characterizing region
trajectories. Other features are also extracted from the residual information encoded in the MPEG-4 AVC/H.264 compressed video stream. This residual information consists of the difference between original input images and predicted images. Once features are
extracted, videos are compared using an extension of the fast dynamic time warping to multidimensional time series. In this paper, the system is applied to two medical datasets: a small dataset of 69 video-recorded retinal surgery steps and a dataset of 1,400
video-recorded cataract surgery steps. In order to assess its generality, the system is also applied to a large dataset of 1,707 movie clips with classified human actions. High retrieval scores are obtained on all the three datasets.
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